Nueva Vizcaya is the southernmost province of Region 2. It is bounded on the north by Ifugao, on the northeast by Isabela,
on the east by Quirino, on the south by Aurora, Nueva Ecija,
and Pangasinan, and on the west by Benguet. It is accessible by land and by air.
Coming from Metro Manila, Nueva Vizcaya can be reached through the Maharlika Highway passing the historic Dalton Pass. Terrain
is mountainous with a river valley drained by Magat River, a major tributary of the Cagayan River. This valley is where
majority of the people of Nueva Vizcaya live. Climate is of Type III in which seasons are not very pronounced, relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.
People and Culture
Majority of the people in Nueva Vizcaya are Ilocanos. Gaddangs, Ibanags, Ifugaos, Bungkalots, and Kankanais
form the minority. The province celebrates the Panagyaman (Thanksgiving) Festival on the last week of May to coincide with the
founding anniversary of the province. The festival features street dancing, cultural presentation, agro-industrial fair, sports competition,
and beauty pageant.
Famous People from Nueva Vizcaya
Edith L. Tiempo - 1999 National Artist
Leonardo Perez - former assemblyman and chairman of the Commission on Election
Economic Profile, Products, and Industries
In 2006, poverty incidence stood at 16.7, the 9th lowest in the country and the second lowest in Cagayan Valley Region
after Batanes. Farming is the main source of employment of Novo Vizcayanos. Agricultural production in 2007 are as
follows (figure in thousand metric tons, rank among 79 provinces)
Animal inventory of Nueva Vizcaya in 2007 are as follows (figure in thousand, rank among 79 provinces)
Other products are rootcrops and vegetables with Kayapa as the leading producer earning it the title salad
bowl of Nueva Vizcaya. The province is also known as a producer of citrus fruits. A fruit and vegetable trading center has been
set up in Bambang town to provide a venue for farmers and traders to meet. Small manufacturing enterprises are limited to rice
milling and cottage industries such as hollowblock making, furniture and automotive shops. The province is famous for its buko
pie and perante oranges. Mining is becoming a major industry inspite of the vigorous opposition of many sectors
of the population. Tourism is still in its infancy.
Casecnan and Taan River project in the town of Alfonso Castaneda has been diverted through a tunnel to Pantabangan Dam
in Nueva Ecija Province to generate 140 megawatt of electricity and provide water for some 35,000 hectares. Mineral reserve in Kasibu
particularly in Barangay Didipio include gold and copper. As of 2007, there were 46 banks operating in the province with total deposits
of 4.5 billion pesos.
Nueva Vizcaya has many resources and attractions that can be developed. Planting and processing of high value commercial crops
such as malungay, mushroom, cacao, coffee, other fruits and vegetables are recommended. The manufacture of furniture and other
wood-based or bamboo-based products can be a profitable venture. As a gateway to the Cagayan Valley Region and to the
provinces of Ifugao and Mountain Province, it can be a good location for trading activities.